Types of Trauma

Steps Recovery Center recognizes how vital the mind, body, and spirit are in their connection to the whole person. We take a holistic approach to treating those individuals with trauma, which includes treating the whole person, and find that it tends to be more successful, especially since addiction affects every aspect of a person’s life. With a customized and individualized program, a holistic approach just makes sense. It affords an opportunity to meet the patient’s physical and psychological needs and allows them to engage physically, emotionally, and mentally. Coping with the trauma of a natural or manmade disaster, or physical and sexual abuse can present unique challenges. Depending on what type of trauma and a person’s coping abilities, it could have a significant impact on an individual. Many different types of trauma can start in childhood or adulthood. If an earlier trauma occurred in childhood, it can disrupt a child’s sense of safety and have severe and long-lasting effects. 
Child Abuse and Neglect
Child abuse takes many forms that include physical, sexual, mental, and emotional. While physical child abuse can be seen on the outside, not all child abuse and neglect can be seen. This type of trauma can also involve ignoring children’s needs, exposing them to sexual situations, and putting them in unsupervised, dangerous situations. Trauma can also come in the form of making kids feel worthless or stupid, thus leaving deep, lasting scars, such as developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or dissociative identity disorder or DID, where a person splits into different personalities to cope with the trauma.
Serious Illness or Surgery
Any illness that is serious or long-term, or major surgery, can cause trauma—both physical and emotional. If the illness is associated with cancer or some other frightening disease that is accompanied by severe physical symptoms, that can be very traumatizing. If someone undergoes heart surgery or an organ transplant, it also traumatizes the body and affects the person mentally and emotionally.
Natural or Manmade Disaster
Whether it’s a hurricane, tornado, earthquake, or severe snowstorm, natural or even manmade disasters can result in trauma, especially if you have personally experienced harm. These disasters can also cause post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that can cause several symptoms and disruptions to a person’s daily life.
Domestic Violence
Abuse from a partner or spouse can result in devastating consequences, including physical injuries and severe emotional and mental problems. This type of trauma can be physical, sexual, verbal, mental, or emotional. If the trauma is continuous, it could result in the person developing mental health disorders, such as depression and anxiety, or have suicidal tendencies.
Separation from a Parent
Trauma that results from separation from a parent can include divorce and death; it also includes if a parent(s) gives up a child or leaves a child with a family member or if a child is forced into a foster home. This type of trauma can cause trust issues and can be crippling to a child—particularly if the child feels they are at fault and feels shame for years after, thinking they’re not worth being loved and cared for.
Car Accidents
Trauma from a severe car accident can cause lasting effects, one of which could be brain injuries or physical injuries that result in broken bones, internal damage, or paralysis. The trauma can prevent people from trusting cars or people, which could result in developing a fear of driving or being in a car with someone. It can also cause avoidance issues if the accident happened in a familiar area. 
Observing Traumatic Events
Trauma doesn’t necessarily have to be experienced personally; it can happen when witnessing a traumatic event unfolding, such as with 9/11. The effects can be more dramatic if what the person witnessed involved a family member, friend, or co-worker. If that person died, it could lead to depression. This is not an exhaustive list, and some people may need professional help in dealing with the feelings and emotions, or other effects associated with trauma.